Right to Information RTI Law Insider

By LI Research

Published On: February 13, 2022 at 11:43 IST


RTI or Right to Information Act, 2005 is an essential right and is a part of Article 19 (1) (a) of the Indian Constitution. Right to Information supplanted the Freedom of Information Act, 2002. Any Indian resident can demand any data which should be public information from the workplaces and branches of the state or local governments. The demonstration orders that the said workplaces and divisions should deal with such demands in an ideal way.


In the existence of Indian republic, the principal political obligation to the resident’s more right than wrong to data came up just before the Lok-Sabha political race in 1977 as a conclusion to public hatred against concealment of data, press control and maltreatment of power during inside crisis of 1975-77.

Morarji Desai drove Janata party legislature of 1977 in its political decision statement guaranteed “An open government”, and proclaimed that it wouldn’t ”Abuse the knowledge of administrations and administrative expert for individual and hardliner closures.”

Pursuant to this responsibility, Morarji Desai established in 1977 a functioning gathering to find out if the authority insider facts act, 1923, could be changed in order to work with more prominent progression of data to general society. Be that as it may, the functioning gathering drew out a “No change” proposal closing the ways to straightforwardness and receptiveness.

  • In 1986, the Supreme Court for the situation MR. Kulwal vs. Jaipur Municipal Corporation[1] gave an obvious mandate that the right to speak freely of discourse and articulation given under Article 19 of the Constitution plainly suggests right to data as without the ability to speak freely.
  • In 1989, the National Front Government recharged its obligation to Right to data. It was a result of individuals dissatisfaction over the prior government’s hesitance to leave behind the data identifying with BOFORs and different arrangements.
  • In 1994, Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan began a grassroots mission for Right to data – requesting data concerning advancement works in rustic Rajasthan. This development and the mission brought about the public authority of Rajasthan authorizing a law on Right to data in 2000.
  • In 1996, public mission for individuals on the right track to data, one among a few common society gatherings, was established with the target of getting enactment on Right To Information passed.
  • In 1997, Tamil Nadu turned into the first state to have passed a law on Right to data.
  • In compatibility with the responsibility of public vote based collusion, the new alliance to execute its public plan on administration, presented the opportunity of Data bill, 2000 in the Parliament.
  • In the wake of having been forthcoming for a very long time the bill was at last passed by the Parliament on December 04, 2002 and it got the consent of the leader of India on January 06, 2003.
  • In the interim, rather than sitting tight for a focal enactment, about six states have authorized their own laws on Rights to data Act. These incorporate Goa, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Delhi.
  • In 2004, the UPA government designated a public warning board to screen execution of Government plans and counsel government on approach and law.
  • NAC prescribed changes to existing opportunity of Data act, 2002. Right To Information Bill, 2004 was postponed in Parliament as relevant just to the association Government. The common society challenged the bill as the majority of the data needed by the average person was from State Government.
  • In the wake of campaigning by NCPRI and different associations, the Right To Information Act, 2005 was passed with 150 changes.

Importance of Right To Information

The Right to data is imperative for forestalling defilement. At the point when residents can get to key realities and information from governments, it is hard to shroud maltreatments of force and other criminal operations – Governments can be considered responsible.

Admittance to data likewise enables residents allowing them an opportunity to take a stand in opposition to foul play and guaranteeing they know their privileges. In Mexico, when networks denied medical care and schooling discovered that they reserved an option to these administrations, they battled to get to them.

The worth of admittance to data is perceived all throughout the planet and there are numerous nations where the right to data is a reality. Almost 120 nations have laws to empower it, but this doesn’t really imply that residents can get significant government information in these nations.[2]

The essential object of the Right to Information Act is to enable the residents, advance straightforwardness and responsibility in the working of the Government, contain defilement, and make our majority rules system work for individuals in genuine sense.

It’s a given that an educated resident is better prepared to keep fundamental vigil on the instruments of administration and make the public authority more responsible to the administered. The Act is a major advance towards making the residents educated with regards to the exercises of the Government.

Objectives of the Act

  • To set out a practical regime of Right to Information
  • To secure access to information under the control of public authorities
  • To promote transparency and accountability in working of every public authority
  • To constitute Central and State Information Commissions
  • To contain corruption and to hold government and its instrumentalities accountable
  • To preserve the confidentiality of sensitive information
  • To uphold the democratic ideals with an informed citizenry and transparency of information

Kind of data that can be Acquired

Under Section 2(f) of the Act as any material in any structure, including records, archives, reminders, messages, suppositions, advices, official statements, booklets, orders, log books, contracts, reports, papers, tests, models, information material held in any hardware structure and data identifying with any Private body which can be gotten to by a public authority under other law for the time being in power.

Steps to record RTI

  • Click on the submit demand catch to record RTI
  • Guidelines for utilization of RTI ONLINE PORTAL screen will be shown on tapping the catch. Different rules for utilizing the RTI online gateway will be shown. Subsequent to perusing the GUIDELINES FOR USE OF RTI ONLINE PORTAL the client will then, at that point need to tick on “I have perused and perceived the above rules.”
  • Following which, an Online RTI Request Form screen will be shown. Clients would then be able to choose which office/service the RTI will be petitioned for.
  • Users recording the RTI will get SMS cautions if the telephone number is given.
  • Limit for Text for RTI demand application is 3,000 characters. Assuming the text surpasses 3,000 characters, the application can be transferred in the supporting report field.
  • Make installment by tapping on the Make Payment button after every one of the fundamental subtleties are filled.
  • There are a few methods of paying the application expenses, for example, web banking, ATM-cum-charge card or Master card. In any case, it should be noticed that BPL (underneath neediness level) candidates need not pay any charges.
  • After the installment cycle is finished, candidates will be diverted back to RTI Online Portal.
  • The candidate will get an email and SMS endless supply of the application.

Official Secrets Act and Right To Information

The Official Secrets Act, 1923 came into the news when the Government of India, through Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)[3] chose to continue in real life against a previous RAW Official V K Singh for not obeying the rules under a similar demonstration (in 2007)[4] . Indeed, the imprudence of the CBI in that specific matter went to the front very quickly as a basic investigation of the arrangements of law chided that by uncovering debasement in RAW, no infringement had been submitted by the authority.

Further, a similar demonstration had effectively been given the situation with being “Incomprehensible with the system of majority rule government” by the (ARC) Administrative Reforms Commission[5] in 2006 itself[6].The ARC had indeed proposed to the Prime Minister in it’s report that reasonable safety efforts could be executed in the National Security Act, and the Official Secrets Act, 1923 could be rejected through.

Albeit the most famous case on the contention between Official Secrets Act, 1923 and the Right To Information Act, 2005 would be Iftikhar Gilani case[7] wherein the columnist was erroneously embroiled of having arranged data notwithstanding of the equivalent being unreservedly accessible to public on the loose. This case was the pioneer in setting up the incongruence between the Official Secrets Act, 1923 and the Right To Information Act, 2005. Notwithstanding different petitions to the President Of India, from the Members of Parliament, Reporters of different media, and so on, till date no choice has been taken in spite of the exploitation of such unmistakable and wise authorities.

The Official Secrets Act, 1923 is India’s enemy of reconnaissance act which was procured from the British. It expresses that one can’t approach, examine, or even disregard a restricted government site or region. As indicated by this Act, helping the adversary state can be through conveying a sketch, plan, model of an authority mysterious, or of true codes or passwords, to the foe. The exposure of any data that is probably going to influence the power and trustworthiness of India, the security of the State, or amicable relations with unfamiliar States, is deserving of this demonstration.

In any case, there have been Constitutional Law specialists from different nations who have offered their viewpoint on such kind of contention. Taking into account J. Duncan and M. Derrett[9], albeit such an irregularity is inescapable, there can be an activity taken up by the legal executive on the issue and the matter can be settled on a brief activity premise. Something else, there may be an ever increasing number of cases wherein, the specialists will be confused to take rulings for people in general, along these lines delivering the law set down for their advantage as an ineffectual statue[10].

Additionally, Right to Information is an established right via Legal Amendment[11]. Discussing the extent of the idea of “Legal amendment[12]” it is significant that Justice Krishna Iyer alongside Justice Tulzapurkar on account of Nandani Satpathy v. Dani (P.L.) and anr.[13] have presented the idea of ‘Legal revision’ and henceforth, the equivalent is an adequate suggestion in the Indian Law.

In light of this idea and the choice of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in Peoples Union for Civil Liberties v. Association of India[15] by seeing that Right of data is a feature of the ability to speak freely ‘and articulation’ as contained in Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India, as emphasized by the Court, we can presume that the domain of Article 19 (1)(a) read with Article 21 is adequately wide to incorporate the Right to data, and in this manner, the equivalent is unquestionably a key right[16].

The allies of this view bring up that even the “Essential design” test set down in Keshavanada Bharti Case[17] is fulfilled, if the change of Right to Information as a major right is made as similar works in fortifying the vote based system of the country without criticizing the fundamental elements of the Constitution like legal audit, popular government or Rule of Law.

Thinking about the Right to Information as an unavoidably allowed crucial right, we can likewise proclaim that the Official Secrets Act, 1923 is accordingly subjective with the essential thing standards set down in the Constitution of India and subsequently ought to be struck down, by the legal executive.

Speaking according to the customary perspective, the convention of shroud applies where a pre – established law under the arrangements of the Government of India Act, 1935 and became invalid on the enforcement of the Constitution of India, 1950[19].


The Right to Information isn’t always open to all. Not all data that the Government produces will or ought to be offered out to general society. There are a couple of scraps of information, which are sensitive so much that if they were conveyed to general society, they may truly make certifiable naughtiness more huge interests.

Edited by: Tanvi Mahajan, Publisher, Law Insider


  • AIR 1988 Raj 2, 1987 (1) WLN 134
  • Central Bureau of Investigation
  • Research and Analysis Wing of India
  • Times of India, Ex-RAW official questions relevance of Official Secrets Act, 28 Sep 2007
  • Herein after mentioned as ARC
  • Times of India, Scrap Official Secrets Act: Reforms panel, 9 Jun 2006
  • Taken from various news reports and Iftikhar Gilani’s book – My Days in Prison,
  • Studies in Law: An Anthology of Essays in Municipal and International Law. Edited by V. V. Deshpande. [Bombay: Asia Publishing House. 1961. 524 pp] 14 International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Apr., 1962), pp. 629-631
  • St. of U.P v. Raj Narain – Right to know as inherent part of fundamental right under Art. 19 (1) [a] and Art. 21
  • There are two methods of amending the Constitution – (1) Parliamentary Amendment and (2) Amendment by the judiciary in the wake of its powers of interpretation.
  • 1978 AIR 1025 : 1978 SCR (3) 608 : 1978 SCC (2) 424
  • 1997 AIR SCW 3043
  • (1997) 1 SCC 301
  • As rightfully pointed out by Vienaya Ganesan in her article “Should Right to Information Have Been Granted as a Fundamental Right”
  • AIR 1973 SC 1461
  • India in 1975: Democracy in Eclipse, Norman D. Palmer, Asian Survey, Vol. 16, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1975: Part II (Feb., 1976), pp. 95-110, University of California Press, copyright – JSTOR
  • Human Rights – Comparative and International Perspective, Joan Church, Christian Schulze, Hennie Strydom, Unisa Press, 2007 (with special reference to India)
  • Introduction to Constitution of India – Brij Kishore
  • AIR 1955 SC 781

Related Post