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G.B. Pattanaik

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Former Chief Justice Of India

NAME – Gopal Ballav Pattanaik

PROFESSION- Advocate, Judge

BORN – 19/12/1937

PLACE OF BIRTH – Cuttack, Odisha

FATHER’S NAME – Rashbehari Pattnaik 

MOTHER’S NAME – Bidulata Dei

SPOUSE – Meera Patnaik




He studied at the Ravenshaw College in Cuttack and graduated in Science

Completed his BSc from the Ewing Christian College, Allahabad University

Completed LL.B. from Madhusudan Law College, Utkal University in Odisha.


Utkai Ratna Award ( lifetime achievement in the field of Law and Justice )

SPECIALISATION– Civil, Criminal, Constitutional and Corporate cases


He was Uttar Pradesh’s Jal Nigam Chief

Chairman of the selection committee for the prestigious literary award for Indian literature, the “Saraswati Samman”.

Former Chairperson of the National Judicial Academy of India

Former Executive Chairman of the National Legal Services Authority of India ( NALSA)


G.B. Pattanaik was born on 19/12/1937 in Cuttack, Odisha.took When he took his oath over as the Chief Justice of India, it appeared that he would not be able to achieve much in the administration of the judiciary because of his short tenure but he began a magnanimous chapter in the history of the Indian judiciary by putting into practice the ‘in-house procedure’ evolved in 1997 to deal with allegations of misconduct against members of the higher judiciary.

He was a member of the Indo-British and Indo-U.S. judicial exchange programme. He visited UK and the United States and participated in joint workshops and seminars with the judges of the House of Lords in Britain and the U.S Supreme Court, respectively.

He was a keen sports enthusiast, he passionately followed the game of cricket. The famous and well-published judgments of Justice Pattanaik include:-the Narmada Dam Project; Denying the central government of India the ability to grant permission to Hindu organizations to perform ceremonies at the disputed Babri Masjid site in Ayodhya.Contempt of court case against Booker Prize winner Arundhati Roy.

Acquittal of several persons belonging to the minority community in cases relating to the Bombay riots.The constitutional reference on the minority educational institutions.


1962 – enrolled as an Advocate

1971 – appointed Standing Counsel for State Government

1974 – Additional Government Advocate

1983 – appointed judge of Orissa High Court

1995 – Chief Justice of Patna High Court

1995 – Judge of Supreme Court

2002 – Chief Justice Of India


Daniel Latifi v. Union of India, 2001

It was headed by the Constitutional Bench of the Supreme Court. G.B. Patnaik held that liability of Muslim husband to his divorced wife arising under Section 3(1) (a) of the Act to pay maintenance is not confined to iddat period. This judgment was a landmark one uplifting the rights of Muslim women in India to maintenance from their divorced husband