Published on: March 17, 2022 at 11:38 IST
The International Court of Justice granted Ukraine’s request for Provisional measures on Wednesday, 16 March, ordering Russia to ‘Immediately Suspend Military Operations that it began on 24 February 2022 on Ukrainian Territory.’
Ukraine had requested interim measures to Protect itself from Irreparable Harm.
Russia has also been directed to ensure that any irregular units, individuals, or organisations under its effective control do not take any actions in support of Russia’s Military operation.
The International Court of Justice unanimously directed that both Ukraine and Russia refrain from taking any action that could aggravate or prolong the dispute before the Court.
The Court expressed its regret at the outset that Russia had not appeared during the oral proceedings.
It then confirmed that it had Prima Facie Jurisdiction over the dispute’s subject matter, namely the interpretation, application, or fulfilment of the Genocide Convention.
While Russia is bound by international law to comply with an ICJ order, enforcing such an order is not always possible.
On March 7, the International Court of Justice heard arguments from Ukraine’s Agents and Counsels, who denied Russia’s stated goal behind its ‘Special Military Operation,‘ namely to prevent a ‘Genocide’ in separatist regions of Ukraine.
According to the International Court of Justice President Judge Joan E Donoghue, Russia refused to participate in the proceedings but later submitted a written statement contesting the Court’s Jurisdiction to hear the Case.