Why India immediately needs Regulations on AI?

Published on: May 24, 2024 23:31 IST

By Adv. (Dr.) Anup K Tiwari 

Artificial intelligence (AI) emerging as a transformative technology with immense potential to transform human life.

This article, in anticipation of the forthcoming launch of my new book, delves into the pressing need for AI regulation, the associated risks, the current state of AI regulation worldwide, and insights from experts in the field. Establishing robust regulations is imperative to prevent destabilization and safeguard society against the potential adverse impacts of AI.

In India, the need for regulations and laws governing Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become increasingly urgent. As the technology rapidly advances and becomes more integrated into various aspects of society, there is a growing recognition of the need to ensure that AI is used ethically, responsibly, and in a manner that benefits society as a whole. Several key factors highlight the importance of regulating AI in India.

AI in India raises significant ethical questions, including concerns about bias, transparency, and accountability. The current legal landscape lacks clarity, leaving businesses and individuals uncertain about AI’s use. Regulations are crucial to protect consumers from potential harms related to data privacy, security, and fair decision-making. Additionally, regulations should ensure AI’s responsible use to safeguard national security interests. It is essential for India to align its AI regulations with international standards to promote interoperability and innovation while creating a supportive environment for startups and small businesses in the AI sector.

Government’s Role in Regulation

In this race, China have already taken the lead in implementing regulations for AI technologies. Their focus on regulating generative AI outcomes to ensure compliance with societal values reflects a proactive approach to preventing potential harm. Similarly, other nations including the European Union, Canada, and Brazil are developing comprehensive AI regulations to address risks and classify AI systems based on their perceived level of danger. These efforts aim to establish guidelines and boundaries to protect society from the potential negative impacts of AI technology.

In Australia, the government is intensifying efforts to regulate the AI sector. Industry Minister Ed Husic MP is set to release two reports aimed at expediting regulations to strengthen rules governing the responsible and safe use of AI. While acknowledging the significant benefits of AI, the government recognizes the need to safeguard against potential risks. This move comes amid warnings from hundreds of leading tech experts about the “risk of extinction” from uncontrolled AI, underscoring the global urgency of regulating AI.

The Need for Pause and Ethical Considerations

Major companies and figures in the tech industry, including Steve Wozniak and Elon Musk, have joined forces with academics and researchers to call for a six-month pause in training AI systems more powerful than GPT-4. This plea highlights concerns about the “dangerous race” to develop ever-larger and unpredictable AI models. Ethical considerations regarding the comprehension and control of AI’s capabilities are also under scrutiny. It is essential to take a step back and evaluate the potential risks and implications before further advancements in AI technology.

The Future of AI: From Weak to Strong AI

Currently, AI technology is classified as “weak AI” or “artificial narrow intelligence,” operating within predefined environments and performing specific tasks. However, AI models like GPT-4 have shown signs of “artificial general intelligence” (AGI), indicating the potential for AI to operate autonomously and surpass human intelligence. While AGI remains theoretical, it presents both promising and concerning possibilities. It is crucial to approach the development of AGI cautiously and establish appropriate regulations to mitigate potential risks.

Experts’ Perspectives on AI Regulation

Renowned figures in AI research, such as Geoffrey Hinton and Yoshua Bengio, stress the importance of caution and further research before advancing beyond current AI systems. The unpredictability of AI’s internal goals and the potential for unintended consequences pose significant risks. While some argue that AI technology is simply an advanced mathematical tool, others advocate for greater control and regulation to prevent misuse and protect society.

AI Misuse: A Threat to Economies and Governments

Experts express profound concerns over the potential misuse of AI and its ability to destabilize economies and governments. Relying solely on the industry to regulate itself is deemed insufficient. Government intervention is necessary to establish necessary boundaries before the technology spirals out of control.


The rapid Development of AI presents both immense opportunities and significant risks. India immediately needs to regulate AI to ensure its ethical and responsible use, protect against potential harms, and safeguard national security interests. Countries like China, the European Union, and Australia are already taking steps to regulate AI, recognizing the importance of establishing guidelines and boundaries to protect society.

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