Right to Privacy in Digital Age


By Shalini Saha

Privacy is a fundamental human right. It ensures human respect and other qualities, for example, opportunity of affiliation and the right to speak freely of discourse. It has become one of the most significant human privileges of the present era.

We survive in a period where we no longer need to remain in extensive lines before banks for banking administrations and in the wake of putting an online request; we can get anything at our entrance which is the boon of the data innovation.

With the development of the web and its augmentation in openness, we are seeing another existence where correspondence, availability, sharing of data and straightforwardness are better. Be that as it may, as it is stated, there will be a few disservices for each great.

As innovation is progressively growing, so is an ascent in its abuse, which is to a great extent inescapable notwithstanding the expanding utilization of the web for trade of delicate, private and business data.

As per Black Law Dictionary, Right to Privacy implies an option to be not to mention; the privilege of an individual to be liberated from any unjustifiable impedance.

In recent times, a judgment was conveyed by Justice D.Y. Chandrachud that overruled the standards developed in the Habeas Corpus casein the instance of Justice K.S. Puttaswamy and ors. v. Association of India, which developed as a landmark decision all the way through the entire existence of India with respect to the status of Right to Privacy.

Fundamental rights are the essential rights which are acquired in each individual moreover such rights ought to be enriched with each resident of the nation alongside appropriate cures.

Certain secret and stealthy piece of the people can’t be broadcasted at open area. After the death of the ongoing instance of 2017, right to protection has gotten catalyst all through the world and it has been prestigious as a principal right to security.

Different nations have given their persuading acknowledgment to right to protection, for example, USA, UK, India and different worldwide associations, for example, UDHR, ICCP and ECHR have likewise given their substantial acknowledgment.


Privacy is a notion to facilitate neither unmistakably comprehended nor closely characterized. Of all the individual rights in the universal list, protection is maybe the most hard to characterize. Meanings of security differ broadly as per setting and conditions.

In numerous nations, the idea has been intertwined with information security, which deciphers security as far as the executives of individual data. Outside this, in rather severe setting, security insurance is regularly observed as a method of adhering to a meaningful boundary at how far society can encroach into an individual’s undertakings.

The absence of a solitary definition ought not suggest that the issue needs significance. Capacity for others to access and connection the databases, with scarcely any controls on how they use, offer, or endeavor the data, makes singular authority over data about oneself more troublesome than any time.


There is some contravention of privacy on internet that people have since a long time ago held, and which should extend to their associations on the Internet that are under danger:

  • The Probability of Secrecy – Technologies, for example, “cookies” composed straightforwardly onto hard drive, empower Web locales to covertly gather data about your online exercises and store it for sometime later. The secret assortment of data about person’s exercises, over numerous Web destinations empowered through some “cookie” usage, has picked up the consideration of Internet clients, professionals, and strategy producers. It is through these treats, that your own data is unveiled to sites.
  • The expectation of Direct Control Over Delicate Information – The reconnaissance limit of the innovation to gather, total, break down and appropriate individual data combined with current strategic approaches have left individual security unprotected. While late reviews and open weight have raised the protection awareness of organizations, data is as often as possible utilized and uncovered for purposes well past what the individual gave it to.
  • Expectation of Privacy – The classification of our delicate data is tested by a legitimate system that pivots assurances on who keeps up the data, how the system is organized, where information is put away, and how long it is kept. As our wallet become “e-wallets” abode some place out on the Internet instead of in our back-pockets, and as our open foundations, organizations, and even social establishments discover homes on the web, the privacy of our correspondences, papers, and data is in danger of bargain.


There are four ways in which the privacy rights can be protected in Digital Age:

  • By preserving a consistent Level of Privacy Protection for interactions.;
  • By raising the officially authorized security pay for data transaction when it is calmed;
  • By developing Software that put a stop to the compilation of individually identifiable facts;
  • By endorsing Legislations and emerging new technologies that grant a person to have command over private information during the business communications.


  • The Constitution of India, 1950 (Article – 21 which includes Phone Tapping and Right to Privacy, etc.);
  • The Indian Post Office Act, 1898 (Section – 26);
  • The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Section – 91);
  • The Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933 (Section – 3) and
  • The Central Motor Vehicles Act, 1898 and its Rules, 2012 (Rule – 138A).


  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 (Article – 12);
  • The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 ( Article – 17) and
  • The European Convention of on Human Rights, 1953 (Article – 8).



The landmark case of Right to Privacy which was brought by 91-year old resigned Karnataka High Court Judge Puttaswamy not in favor of the Union of India under the watchful eye of a nine-judge seat of the Supreme to decide if the Right to Privacy was ensured as a basic right under the Indian Constitution.

This case was really worried about an issue to a test to the government Aadhaar plot in which the administration made required for profiting the taxpayer supported organizations and advantages.

The issue was made under the watchful eye of a three-judge seat of the Supreme Court on the premise that this plan disregarded the privilege to protection. In like manner, a Constitution Bench was set up and reasoned that there was a requirement for a nine-judge seat to decide if there is a major Right to Privacy inside the arrangement of Article 21 of Constitution of India.

It was contended by the applicant before the seat that Right to Privacy is a Fundamental right and ought to be ensured as right to existence with pride under Article 21 of the Constitution.

Entries made by the respondent were that the Constitution just perceived individual freedom which may incorporate Right to Privacy somewhat.

Decision of the Supreme Court:

The nine-judge seat of the Supreme Court consistently perceived that the Constitution ensured the Right to Privacy as an inborn piece of the privilege to life and individual freedom under Article 21. The Court be that as it may, overruled M.P. Sharma and Kharak Singh to the extent that the last didn’t explicitly perceive the privilege to protection as a Fundamental Right.


Right to Privacy is an imperative of right to life and individual freedom under Article 21 of Constitution of India.

Right to Privacy isn’t a flat out right, it might be dependent upon certain sensible limitations for avoidance of wrongdoing, open issue and insurance of others in any case, it might, aside from contract, likewise emerge out of a particular relationship that might be business, wedding or even political and furthermore where there is a contention between these two inferred rights, the one, which progresses open profound quality and open intrigue, will win.

Making appropriate security assurances in the electronic domain have consistently been a perplexing undertaking. It needs a sharp consciousness of changes in innovation, yet in addition changes in how residents utilize the innovation and how those progressions are pushing at the edges of existing laws.

Every once in a while these progressions expect us to reconsider our texture of security assurances. In a domain where there are not legitimate enactments, the main security against the infringement of right of protection over Internet is solid mechanical backbone.


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